For most people, the front top and bottom teeth are well aligned and are in contact when the mouth is closed. This means their bite is normal and they do not have problems like teeth grinding, speech issues, etc. Some people may have an anterior open bite where their front teeth do not align properly and there is a visible gap in their upper and lower sets. When the front teeth do not come into contact, it can cause a number of problems.
Causes of an Anterior Open Bite
An anterior open bite can vary in cause and severity. Your family dentist will examine the condition of your teeth and bite and propose appropriate treatments. In some cases, clear aligners and braces are enough to repair the problem. In others, dentists might recommend more comprehensive and complex treatments in order to correct the bite. Here are some common causes of an anterior open bite:
- Thumb sucking and pacifier use
- Air irregularities
- Mouth Breathing
- Tongue thrusting against the back of the teeth
- Sleep related disorders
- Disproportionate facial development in both adolescents and adults
Problems Caused by the Anterior Open Bite
Most patients are concerned with the appearance of the anterior open bite and how it compromises their smile. Unfortunately, that is not the only problem caused by the misaligned bite. You might experience speech difficulties, disproportionate wear to your teeth—especially the molars; jaw muscle aches and pains, etc.
You can learn more about anterior open bite by watching this video.